Conversations in Human Evolution: Volume 1 / Lucy Timbrell (2020) Actualités Handbook for the Analysis of Micro-Particles in Archaeological Samples / Amanda G. Henry (2020)

Celto-Germanic Later Prehistory and Post-Proto-Indo-European vocabulary in the North and West / John T. Koch (2020)


Koch_2020 [Libre accès / Protohistoire]
John T. Koch (2020) - Celto-Germanic Later Prehistory and Post-Proto-Indo-European vocabulary in the North and West, Aberystwyth, University of Wales - Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies, 186 p. EAN 9781907029325, 0,00 €.

This book is a study of the inherited vocabulary shared uniquely by Celtic, Germanic, and the other Indo-European languages of North and West Europe. The focus is on contact and common developments in the prehistoric period. Words showing the earmarks of loanwords datable to Roman times or the Middle Ages are excluded. Most of the remaining collection predates Grimm’s Law. This and further linguistic criteria are consistent with contexts before ~500 BC. The evidence and analysis here lead to the following explanatory hypothesis. Metal-poor Scandinavia’s sustained demand for resources led to a prolonged symbiosis with the Atlantic façade and Central Europe during the Bronze Age. Complementary advantages of the Pre-Germanic North included Baltic amber and societies favourably situated and organized to build seagoing vessels and recruit crews for long-distance maritime expeditions. An integral dimension of this long-term network was intense contact between the Indo-European dialects that became Celtic and those that became Germanic. The Celto-Germanic vocabulary—like the motifs shared by Iberian stelae and Scandinavian rock art—illuminates this interaction, opening a window onto the European Bronze Age. Much of the word stock can be analyzed as shared across still mutually intelligible dialects rather than borrowed between separate languages. In this respect, what is revealed resembles more the last gasp of Proto-Indo-European than a forerunner of the Celtic– Germanic confrontations of the post-Roman Migration Period and Viking Age. This 2020 edition puts into the public domain some first fruits of a cross-disciplinary research project that will continue until 2023. .

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